Les résultats des étapes 1 et 2 vous aident à acquérir des connaissances sur la manière dont une innovation est capable d’accroître la durabilité dans plusieurs domaines. Ces connaissances sont essentielles pour transmettre efficacement des informations sur l’innovation et le système alimentaire dans lequel elle s’inscrit.

La représentation graphique de ces connaissances – y compris un diagramme des acteurs, un chronogramme et une carte des chemins d’impact – peut vous aider à communiquer la complexité de l’innovation d’une manière facilement compréhensible et être utilisée pour sensibiliser les parties prenantes et les utilisateurs et utilisatrices.

En outre, ces connaissances générées collectivement peuvent constituer une ressource utile pour le partage des connaissances sur l’innovation par le biais de présentations et de documents officiels.

Enfin, les résultats d’Urbal peuvent constituer une aide précieuse pour présenter les résultats de l’innovation au sein du système alimentaire local et pour contribuer aux objectifs de durabilité fixés aux niveaux local, national et international.


Poster Ma Cantine Autrement Montpellier
Poster Ma Cantine Autrement Montpellier
Booklet results Ma Cantine Autrement Montpellier
Booklet results Ma Cantine Autrement Montpellier
évaluation participative Urbal de l'association Vrac Lyon
Evaluation participative Urbal de l'association Vrac Lyon
Booklet La Panaméenne Paris
Booklet La Panaméenne Paris


Urbal peut vous aider à :

  • Comprendre les changements et les impacts d’une innovation

  • Mieux saisir les enjeux et identifier les catalyseurs d’une innovation

  • Potentiellement suivre et évaluer l’impact des innovations financées

  • Evaluer le potentiel d’une innovation en termes d’impact sur une durabilité à plus long terme.

Chercheurs et chercheuses,

Urbal peut vous aider à :

  • Mieux comprendre les innovations pour une alimentation durable, et comment elles contribuent à l’autonomisation et à la durabilité des systèmes alimentaires

  • Rassembler acteurs et actrices de ces innovations au sein de collectifs multi-acteurs, pour produire des évaluations inclusives et représentatives, fondées sur l’intelligence collective

  • Identifier les freins et les leviers des innovations

  • Développer éventuellement des indicateurs pour suivre et évaluer les progrès vers la durabilité.

Décideurs et décideuses politiques,

Urbal peut vous aider à :

  • Structurer un panorama des innovations pour une alimentation durable œuvrant dans votre territoire

  • Comprendre, intégrer et promouvoir ces innovations

  • Acquérir les connaissances dont vous avez besoin pour renforcer des politiques alimentaires durables, et surmonter les obstacles à la durabilité des systèmes alimentaires.

  • Développer et améliorer l’évaluation des innovations pour une alimentation durable

  • Utiliser les données probantes d’Urbal pour développer des programmes et politiques plus adaptés.

Acteurs et actrices des innovations
pour une alimentation durable,

Urbal peut vous aider à :

  • Comprendre et guider vos actions pour remplir des objectifs de durabilité

  • Recueillir les informations dont vous avez besoin pour prendre de meilleures décisions

  • Communiquer clairement la valeur de votre innovation aux publics concernés, et ainsi attirer davantage de financement

  • Créer un réseau au sein de votre territoire

  • Développer si vous le souhaitez des indicateurs pour suivre et évaluer vos progrès vers la durabilité.


The capacity of single initiatives to contribute to the transformation of sustainable food systems is weak if they are not likely to be replicated, imitated, networked, amplified, supported and disseminated at multiple scales (scaling capacity).

It is useful to consider different ways of scale for an innovation (Riddell and Moore, 2015):

  • “Scaling out” is impacting greater numbers. Strategies may include the replication or the spreading of projects and programs geographically and/or to greater numbers, or the dissemination of principles, knowledge, experiences, with the adaptation to new territorial contexts.
  • “Scaling up” is about impacting laws and policy (in legal terms, policy governance, commodity chain structuring, etc.),
  • “Scaling deep” is impacting cultural roots. That means spreading big cultural ideas and using stories to shift norms and beliefs, or investing in transformative learning and communities of practice.
  • “Scaling here” ? 


Urbal can, through the participatory method and result sharing, accompany changes of scale by strengthening the capacity of practitioners to disseminate their innovations and contribute to the transition towards more sustainable food systems.

How? It helps stakeholders to reflect on the conditions, barriers and levers to spread their innovations to other scales.


  1. Video/pictures: scale picture (Source: Riddell and Moore, 2015, p.3) → visual
  2. Shared experiences and feedbacks from other users: n/a
  3. Urbal tools to help users : n/a
  4. In-depth insights to download: So What 14.

Social innovation

According to Bouchard, Evers & Fraisse (2015), social innovation is an “intervention initiated by social actors to respond to an aspiration, meet a need, provide a solution or take advantage of an opportunity for cultural action in order to modify social relations, transform a framework of action or propose new orientations. From this point of view […] social innovation aims to modify the institutional frameworks that shape relationships in society”.

In URBAL, we consider social innovations when found the following characteristics:

  • They want change, responding to a social or societal need or seizing an opportunity for activating minor or major changes in society (Chiffoleau 2016).

  • They Are inclusive, seeking to benefit the whole society by the sharing of the value produced (economic, social, environmental,…)

  • They include collaborative or participatory activities.

    • There is therefore an intentionality to change the situation in relation to the previous situation, to improve one or more aspects of the life of individuals.

    • Social innovations are embedded in a value system, they are not intrinsically good and what is undesirable (problems) and desirable (solutions) can change over time.


  1. Video/pictures: rechercher l’interview de Veronica sur la définition d’innovation sociale (?) (Elodie ?)
  2. Shared experiences and feedbacks from other users:
  3. Urbal tools to help users :
  4. In-depth insights to download: Master thesis Veronica : BONOMELLI V. Building a participative tool to map the impact pathway of urban driven innovations on food systems sustainability: how to consider specific features of social innovation? : Master thesis. Montpellier Supagro, 2018, 50p, So What 14.

Urbal participatory tools

Participatory engagement is at the heart of the Urbal methodology.

  • This approach relies on experts (not necessarily scientists but people with long experience and/or professional knowledge) and practitioners to be successful and provide useful insights. This means that all knowledge and experiences are equally valuable and valid.

  • A participatory process helps people to engage with others and reinforces stakeholders’ understandings and relationships.
  • A participatory process requires skills and tools supported by Urbal.


Shared experiences and feedbacks from other users:

How to map change?

To enter the logic of the URBAL method at this point you can ask what has changed since the implementation of the innovative activity, namely the path of change that was triggered by the activity.
In order to answer this question, you use an Urbal’s representation of an impact pathway.
Impact pathway: a graphical chart that maps how an activity can generate short-term and medium-term changes to achieve long-term changes also called impacts.
Changes : transformations/consequences induced by an innovative activity
Impact: long-term changes linked to sustainability, caused by short and medium changes.



  1. Video/pictures: Pictures of the explanation of what an impact pathway is (see above) Ask Està to make it clean → Visual

  2. Shared experiences and feedback from other users: example of an impact pathway completed by the participants (MIRI) – PDF files :

  3. Urbal tools to help users : example of impact pathway map to be completed (Example of Milano Ristorazione → tool to ask Està to do in English . The columns include: innovative practice, activities, short-term changes, medium term and long term changes/impacts, sustainable dimension, factors (with drivers and barriers).

    → Miniature

  4. In-depth insights to download:

    Master Thesis – Impact pathway methodology literature review

What are sustainable food systems?

A sustainable food system “provides healthy food to meet current food needs while maintaining healthy ecosystems that can also provide food for generations to come, with minimal negative impact to the environment; encourages local production and distribution infrastructures; makes nutritious food available, accessible, and affordable to all; is humane and just, protecting farmers and other workers, consumers, and communities.

(Story et al. 2009).
(Ref: Story M, Hamm MW, Wallinga D (2009) Food systems and public health: linkages to achieve healthier diets and healthier communities. J Hunger Environ Nutr 4:219–224).

There are many different opportunities to make the world we live in more sustainable through food systems. The key Urbal dimensions of sustainability are:

  • Health : food security (access, quality, regularity…), nutrition, well-being, physical activity…
  • Governance : transparency, power dynamics, people’s participation, accountability…
  • Environment : protection of biodiversity, renewable resources, energy efficiency, climate resilience…
  • Social-cultural : equity, community building, confidence in the system, positive expression of social and cultural identity and culture…
  • Economic : equity, resilience, fair work and remuneration, local economies…
5 green circles form a pentagon to illustrate the 5 dimensions of sustainability. The Economic symbol is a shopping cart and a euro, the symbol for Health is a bowl with vegetables, the symbol for Governance is a government building, the symbol for Social-Cultural is traditional Japanese architecture, and the symbol for Environment is a hand holding a seedling.


  1. Video/pictures: diagram of the dimensions of sustainability à voir avec Està → visual
    to research external brief explanatory pedagogical videos (Ophelie looks in the resources of the Unesco Chair and in the URBAL video) → visual
  2. Shared experiences and feedbacks from other users: n/a
  3. Urbal tools to help users : In-depth insights to download: IPES FOOD : FROM UNIFORMITY TO DIVERSITY – PDF file – A paradigm shift from industrial agriculture to diversifed agroecological systems